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Sabtu, 14 April 2012

contol soal direct and indirect speech, adverbial clause


 

Direct and Indirect Speech Exercise
Turn the following sentences into indirect speech.
1.    John said, ‘I am very busy now.’
2.    He said, ‘The horse has been fed.’
3.    ‘I know her name and address,’ said John.
4.    ‘German is easy to learn,’ she said.
5.    He said, ‘I am writing letters.’
6.    ‘It is too late to go out,’ Alice said.
7.    He said to me, ‘I don’t believe you.’
8.    He says, ‘I am glad to be here this evening.’
9.    He said to me, ‘What are you doing?’
10.    ‘Where is the post office?’ asked the stranger.
11.    He said, ‘Will you listen to me?’
12.    John said to Peter, ‘Go away.’
13.    She said to me, ‘Please wait here till I return.’
14.    ‘Call the witness,’ said the judge.
15.    The speaker said, ‘Be quiet and listen to my words.’

Answers
1.    John said that he was very busy then.
2.    He said that the horse had been fed.
3.    John said that he knew/knows her name and address. (Note that the tenses may not change if the statement is still relevant or if it is a universal truth.)
4.    She said that German is/was easy to learn.
5.    He said that he was writing letters.
6.    Alice said that it was too late to go out.
7.    He told me that he didn’t believe me. OR He said he didn’t believe me.
8.    He says that he is glad to be here this evening. (When the reporting verb is in the present tense, adverbs of time and place do not normally change in indirect speech.)
9.    He asked me what I was doing.
10.    The stranger asked where the post office is/was.
11.    He asked me if I would listen to him.
12.    John ordered Peter to go away.
13.    She asked me to wait there till she returned.
14.    The judge commanded them to call the first witness.
15.    He urged them to be quiet and listen to them.

sumber: http://www.englishpractice.com/grammar/direct-indirect-speech-exercise/



Adverb Clauses Exercises:

A. Combine the following sentences using adverb clauses at the end of the sentence.
  1. We watched the robins. They raised their young in our apple tree.
  2. Becky read the book. It was recommended by a friend.
  3. Dad donates his suits to charity. He has worn them a year.
  4. The policemen delayed the drivers. The wrecks were cleared.
  5. Ann ate an apple. She studied her vocabulary.

B. Combine the following sentences using adverb clauses at the beginning of the sentence.
  1. Frank started medical training. He drove a forklift for a living.
  2. The rains had started the mud slides. The homes were not safe to live in.
  3. Older people love to sit in the park. They feed the birds and visit.
  4. I enjoyed camping out. I was much younger.
  5. Joe recognised the man. The man had stopped his car to help.

C. Find the adverb clauses in these sentences. What are their meanings (time, place...)? If it is a reduced adverb clause, add the missing words.
  1. You seem very happy when you help other people.
  2. While you wait, we will detail your car.
  3. I am happier than I ever was before.
  4. That horse is more obstinate than a mule.
  5. The woman took notes while being taught to cook with broccoli.
  6. Ben fields baseballs better than he hits.
  7. As the lions approached the carcass, the cheetahs retreated once more.
  8. While eating, I choked on a bone.

Suggested answers:
A.
  1. We watched the robins while they raised their young in our apple tree.
  2. Becky read the book since it was recommended by a friend.
  3. Dad donates his suits to charity after he has worn them a year.
  4. The policemen delayed the drivers until the wrecks were cleared.
  5. Ann ate an apple as she studied her vocabulary.


B.
  1. Before Frank started medical training, he drove a forklift for a living.
  2. Because the rains had started the mud slides, the homes were not safe to live in.
  3. While they feed the birds and visit, older people love to sit in the park.
  4. When I was much younger, I enjoyed camping out.
  5. After the man had stopped his car to help, Joe recognised him.
C.
  1. when you help other people (time)
  2. While you wait (time)
  3. than I ever was (happy) before (comparison)
  4. than a mule (is obstinate) (comparison)
  5. while (she was) being taught to cook with broccoli (time)
  6. than he hits (baseballs well) (comparison)
  7. As the lions approached the carcass (time)
  8. While (I was) eating (time)
sumber: http://www.carmenlu.com/fifth/grammar/adverb_clauses5_1b.html

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